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Cellulose-based Antimicrobial Composites and Applications: A Brief Review
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Author NameAffiliation
Bo Sun Center for Biocomposites and Biomaterials Processing, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto ON, M5S 3B3, Canada
Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety (Tianjin University of Science and Technology), Ministry of Education, Tianjin, 300457, China 
Fangong Kong Key Laboratory of Pulp & Paper Science and Technology of Shandong Province, Ministry of Education, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences), Ji’nan, Shandong Province, 250353, China 
Min Zhang Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety (Tianjin University of Science and Technology), Ministry of Education, Tianjin, 300457, China 
Weijun Wang Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Safety (Tianjin University of Science and Technology), Ministry of Education, Tianjin, 300457, China 
Birat Singh KC Center for Biocomposites and Biomaterials Processing, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto ON, M5S 3B3, Canada 
Jimi Tjong Center for Biocomposites and Biomaterials Processing, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto ON, M5S 3B3, Canada 
Mohini Sain Center for Biocomposites and Biomaterials Processing, Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto, Toronto ON, M5S 3B3, Canada 
Fund Project:The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support provided by National Natural Science Foundation of China (31501440), Hebei Provincial Scientific and Technological Cooperation & Development Foundation between Province and University of 2018, Tianjin Science and Technology Commissioner Program (16JCTPJC45300), Tianjin International Training Program for Excellent Postdoctoral Fellows of 2015, and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2015M571268).
 
Abstract:Cellulose-based antimicrobial composites, typically in the form of functional films and cloth, have received much attention in various applications, such as food, medical and textile industries. Cellulose is a natural polymer, and is highly biodegradable, green, and sustainable. Imparting antimicrobial properties to cellulose, will significantly enhance its applications so that its commercial value can be boosted. In this review paper, the use of cellulose for antimicrobial composites’ preparation was discussed. Two different approaches: surface loading/coating and interior embedding, were focused. Three most widely-applied sectors: food, medical and textile industries, were highlighted. Nanocellulose, as a leading-edge cellulose material, its unique application on the antimicrobial composites, was particularly discussed.
keywords:antimicrobial  cellulose-based  composites  nanocellulose
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